What are the actual differences of COVID Certified Disinfectants?

Date: Feb 21, 2021

different disinfectants

 

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Hello Again. During my 15 plus years in the disinfection business, I have made detailed studies of the different ingredients of disinfection products. I researched their properties, claims, limitations, and effectiveness, to properly understand how a particular disinfectant kills germs, viruses, and pathogens. I could sell any disinfectant that I wanted to, it was a choice many times between price and ingredients. As I went along, I found that price did not matter, it was the ingredients and what they did that mattered. My main concern has always been possible side-effects and after-effects. Many disinfectant products use bleach or Chlorine, which is sodium (salt), in varying concentrations. So, when sodium is listed as an active ingredient, you might assume you are actually spraying a by-product of chlorine.

Remember, we are also water purification experts as well, and have dealt with the challenges of chlorine and chlorine dioxide for many years. So, naturally, we have a bias against this type of product and will not go into details on the corrosiveness and danger of chlorine-based products. However, we strongly feel that everyone should read ALL instructions and warnings before using any disinfectant products. In fact, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has found that a third of people have used disinfectants in risky ways.  See https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e2.htm?

People have actually washed food, toys that children put in their mouth, and other items with bleach. Make sure to always read all labels carefully. Make sure no one is allergic to any of the ingredients.  Most of all, make sure to educate yourself on the products you purchase.

Clean-Sanitize-then Disinfect

Always be aware of the contact and dwell times needed for each product you use, for maximum effectiveness.  Wear PPE (personal protective equipment) such as good quality chemical resistant gloves, N95 (or better) mask, safety goggles, etc. Open windows and doors to allow good airflow. Never mix cleaning and disinfecting chemicals together (you could make it very toxic or even create thermal heat that will be very dangerous and could cause an explosion). Do not overuse chemicals. If you have questions, call the person that sold you the product. Unfortunately, many people nowadays, have no knowledge of what they are selling or of the actual ingredients and their dangers or side effects. It is very important to do research. And always ask for an MSDS or SDS. It’s worth repeating: read the label of all products you use.

KEEP CHEMICALS OUT OF CHILDRENS REACH AT ALL TIMES.  Never transfer disinfectants to other containers (they may contain the previous residue that may not be compatible or could cause a harmful reaction).  Also, the new container would not have a proper label for the safety of those using it. If you ever have to use other containers (we suggest you do not), label them appropriately and let everyone know.

Do NOT use too much disinfectant. NEVER use harsh/harmful disinfectants. We are not here just to sell you something; we genuinely care about you and the health of your family, friends, customers, and co-workers. With that in mind, we are very mindful of the products that we recommend and use. Following is a list of common active ingredients found in popular disinfectant solutions, with our notes and recommendations. Read on to see how much disinfectant is safe. If you cannot find what you are looking for, please email us at info@electrostaticsprayers.com

 The following list is in alphabetical order:

Chlorine (Cl)- is salt or sodium chloride.  It is a manmade product, produced by applying electricity to a salt and water brine. This electricity separates sodium from chloride. The by-products of this process are hydrogen gas, caustic soda (aka sodium hydroxide) and of course chlorine gas. Chlorine of any kind is actually quite caustic and is not very good for you. I am not the person to talk to about this. If you use chlorine in your water or use city water be careful using bleach as it could produce chlorine gas (not good for you). Read online about the effects. Chlorine levels in your drinking water are between 1 and 4 parts per million (ppm). Chlorine smells at .02-3.4 ppm. Chlorine needs contact and dwell time to kill germs and viruses. Chlorine is dangerous at 6 ppm. Bleach is a Chlorine.  Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Chlorine Dioxide (ClO2)- is a chlorine-based product with 2 oxygen atoms. It is a reddish to yellowish-green gas at room temperature that is dissolved in water. Product from sodium chlorate or sodium chlorite. It also can be corrosive and irritating. These also have a pungent and unwanted long-lasting odour. The EPA regulates the maximum concentration of it to 0.8 ppm. Chlorine dioxide salespeople say it’s not chlorine but indeed it is with 2 oxygen atoms. The dangers are something you will have to investigate. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Citric acid- The advantages of Vinegar (acetic acid), Lemon juice (citric acid) and Baking Sodium (sodium bicarbonate). Are Natural products that are readily available and abundant. These do have low toxicity and we agree with that. The disadvantages of these products are their limited antimicrobial efficacy and narrow spectrum. The possibility of damage to food is very possible (taste, sight, feel and touch) when using on produce. Acetic acid and sodium bicarbonate are not registered as active ingredient or registered disinfectant with Health Canada. Citric Acid is.  Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it.

Citric acid; Thymol- Thymol and citric acid are plant-based active ingredients found in some registered disinfectants and sanitizers. The advantages are unlike many other sanitizers and disinfectants, thymol and citric acid products do not carry significant health risks or cause environmental pollution. Products containing thymol or citric acid should be handled with care because they can be irritating to the skin, eyes, and respiratory system. As with any disinfectant, follow all label instructions closely regarding dilution, safety procedures, and dwell or wait times. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it.

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (L-Lactic acid)- Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid is a thick, light yellow to brown liquid and is used to make detergent. It can affect you when you breathe in. Contact with it can irritate and burn the skin and eyes (ad happens with any disinfectant). It is highly corrosive. It is on the hazardous substance list. It is on the special health hazard substance list because of its corrosiveness. L-Lactic acid is 10 times more acidic than acetic acid. Lactic acid is still safe and biodegradable. It is a good acid for bacteria and viruses. Your body makes lactic acid when it is low in oxygen to convert glucose into energy. Many articles exist that are negative (we find this with all products though) that say that a disinfectant resistant lactic acid bacterium may survive disinfection and cause spoilage problems. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol) -Ethanol is an alcohol, it is produced from the fermentation of yeast, sugars and starches. It is in our beer and wine. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it.

Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol; Phenolic)- Ethanol is an alcohol, it is produced from the fermentation of yeast, sugars and starches. It is in our beer and wine. Phenolic (carbolic acid) has been around for a very long time as an antiseptic agent. It has good penetrating power. Phenolic disinfectants can damage skin and eyes, it is harmful to the environment. It can damage plastic and rubber and rust some metals. Phenol group of products are cresol, creosote, Lysol and Dettol. Carbolic acid is a poison that can be identified by its smell, which is commonly referred to as hospital odor. It is fat-soluble so it can attach to the nervous system. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Glycolic acid- is widely used in skincare. It is used for acne. “Using glycolic acid every day is not recommended. But it depends on what product you are using”. That statement alone scares me. If you are using a rinse-off product like a cleanser then everyday use is okay. Well, there is a better way to disinfect without having to go back and rinse it off. Depending on the concentration it can cause flaking and scabbing straight after the application. It also makes you more prone to sun damage. Some people have reactions to glycolic acid that can include swelling, itching and burning sensations. It is used in skincare to tackle hyperpigmentation, dullness, and signs of skin aging, such as lines and wrinkles. However, those with dry or sensitive skin types may find glycolic acid too irritating. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Hydrochloric acid- When chlorine gas is combined with water, hydrochloric or hypochlorous acids are formed. This product can cause burns to the skin, eyes, nose, throat, mouth and lungs. Safety precautions are as follows. Wear a chemical-resistant apron, chemical-resistant gloves and chemical splash goggles at all times when handling HCl to protect your eyes and skin. Concentrated hydrochloric acid is toxic if inhaled, so avoid breathing it in and always handle it while under a fume hood. If the concentration of hydrochloric acid gas in the air is 0.035%, humans will have pain in the throat and chest and have difficulty breathing within 10 minutes. The inhalation of a large quantity of hydrochloric acid gas or mist may result in death. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it ~ obviously!

Hydrogen chloride- Concentrated hydrogen chloride can be corrosive to the skin, eyes, nose, mucous membranes, and respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Inhalation of hydrogen chloride can lead to pulmonary edema. Ingestion can cause severe injury to the mouth, throat, esophagus, and stomach. In case you did not notice hydrogen chloride, is the same as hydrochloric acid. Death can result from severe pulmonary injury. Hydrogen chloride can cause functional and morphologic respiratory tract injuries, depending on exposure concentration and duration. Hydrogen chloride forms corrosive hydrochloric acid in contact with water found in body tissue. Inhalation of the fumes can cause coughing, choking, inflammation of the nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract, and in severe cases, pulmonary edema, circulatory system failure, and death. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it ~ obviously!

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)- This is water and oxygen, it is the active ingredient in many US EPA-registered disinfectants and sanitizers, as well as in medical-grade antiseptics for cleaning wounds. Hydrogen peroxide works by producing destructive hydroxyl free radicals that can attack membrane lipids, DNA, and other essential cell components. Catalase, produced by aerobic organisms and facultative anaerobes that possess cytochrome systems, can protect cells from metabolically produced hydrogen peroxide by degrading hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. This defence is overwhelmed by the concentrations used for disinfection. The advantages unlike many other disinfectants on the market, hydrogen peroxide quickly breaks down to leave behind only oxygen and water. Also, you can use higher levels without worry, however, consult with the manufacturer or supplier prior to going to higher levels. Hydrogen peroxide is used vastly by the medical profession, during COVID masks, hospital rooms and equipment have been disinfected with hydrogen peroxide disinfectants. That means no health risks from indoor air pollution, and no water pollution when you rinse it down the drain, it is actually good for your septic tank (changing the environment from an anaerobic to aerobic state, thus allowing consumption and breakdown faster). Hydrogen Peroxide is great at killing germs and bacteria, and while you may remember that it stings on a cut, it’s pretty safe for humans overall. … In fact, there is even research showing that hydrogen peroxide was better at killing a specific bacterium than bleach (chemically known as sodium hypochlorite).Any product containing hydrogen peroxide should be handled with care because it is caustic, especially in concentrated form. As with any disinfectant, follow all label instructions closely regarding dilution, safety procedures, and dwell or wait times. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it. This is our choice of product. We have been selling Hydrogen Peroxide based products for over 15 years. We sell it for water disinfection instead of chlorine, and we also sell it for surface disinfection.

Hydrogen peroxide; Octanoic acid; Peroxyacetic acid (Peracetic acid)- We already explained the hydrogen peroxide above. Let’s look at the other 2 items in this formulation. Octanoic acid is a saturated medium-chain fatty acid. It is also known as caprylic acid. This is a natural fatty acid. It is a sodium caprylate and is highly effective in killing bacteria and a variety of diseases. It is present in breast milk just like hydrogen peroxide. It is also in coconut oil. Peracetic acid is just hydrogen peroxide with acetic acid. It is highly corrosive and you definitely do not want it on your skin it burns badly, so definitely wear good chemical gloves. The acetic acid is probably in the formula to bring the pH down. Lower pH is good for killing bacteria etc. Vinegar is 4% acetic acid by volume, which makes acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it.

Hydrogen peroxide; Peroxyacetic acid (Peracetic acid)- Well above gives you all the information you need on this. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it.

Iodine- is a non-metallic trace element, it is required by us for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. It is over-the-counter iodine is used as a disinfectant for infections. Iodine kills bacteria that can cause infections. When used as a disinfectant, iodine is often combined with another ingredient called povidone. So, you might see it listed as povidone-iodine. Some people are allergic to iodine. Iodine can stain skin, clothing and bedding. It kills cells through the iodination of lipids and oxidation of cytoplasmic and membrane compounds. This agent exhibits a broad range of microbicidal activity against bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses. Iodine can be used to disinfect fruit and vegetables at 25 PPM for 1 minute. Also, it can be used in water disinfection. The disadvantage of iodine is at very high levels it can cause burning of the mouth, throat and stomach. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it ~ with caution

L-Lactic acid- L-Lactic acid, is 10 times more acidic than acetic acid. Lactic acid is still safe and biodegradable. It is a good acid for bacteria and viruses. Your body makes lactic acid when it is low in oxygen to convert glucose into energy. Many articles exist that are negative (we find this with all products though) that say that a disinfectant resistant lactic acid bacterium may survive disinfection and cause spoilage problems. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it ~ with caution

Phenolic- (Meytol Lysol and Dettol etc.) Has been used as an antiseptic or disinfectant for a very long time. Soaps containing phenol bases compounds are often called carbolic soap. This is used as an antiseptic during surgery in 1867. It leaves a distinctive smell and leaves red streaks on sinks and tubs. It can damage the skin and eyes, it is harmful to the environment, it can damage plastic, rubber and rust metals. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.  If you do, practice extreme caution.

Phenolic; Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)– Phenolic is above and even though we would use the Ethanol as mentioned above it makes this formula a no go. -Ethanol is an alcohol, it is produced from the fermentation of yeast, sugars and starches. It is in our beer and wine. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Potassium peroxymonosulfate; Sodium chloride- Potassium peroxymonosulfate is a powder and corrosive and can cause serious skin and ocular burns, but it is less corrosive than bleach. It stains fabric and may damage surfaces, especially metal types. Over time if rinsing is not performed you will have issues. Periodic use of a degreaser will be necessary to remove ground-in dirt and buildup of organic debris. It does require a 10-minute dwell time so other disinfectants might be abetter choice. It can damage skin and eyes, is harmful to the environment. It can damage surfaces; it should never be used in sinks and tubs. Sodium Chloride is salt, so we are back to the chlorine factor. It is poisonous to water organisms and very toxic when it comes in contact with ammonium salts. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate; Tetra-acetyl ethylenediamine- Sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate is a salt and hydrogen peroxide formula, it contains 32.5% hydrogen peroxide by weight. What this does is gives that extra oxidation power. It’s granular in form and is used as an active ingredient in algaecides and fungicides. This is also known as soda ash. You do need to use proper PEP when handling any products on this sheet. Tetraacetyl ethylenediamine also known as (TAED). This white solid is commonly used as a bleach activator in laundry detergents and for paper pulp. So, it’s actually a bleaching agent. My wife uses hydrogen peroxide as a bleach in our laundry. Our opinion: Yes, we would sell and use it ~ with caution

Sodium chlorite- Sodium chlorite is a chemical compound used in paper manufacturing and as a disinfectant. The main application of it is to produce chlorine dioxide. It is corrosive and causes skin and eye irritation or burns. And guess what it is harmful if swallowed (and they use this is water purification?). Sodium chlorite has proven industrial uses, but the FDA states clearly that you should not ingest it as a medical treatment or for any other reasons. Small doses may be safe, but ingesting larger doses could be dangerous and lead to severe symptoms, burns, and health complications. Consumption of chlorine dioxide solutions, such as MMS, can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and severe dehydration. These products should not be consumed or given to someone to consume. The sale of these products as miracle cures is dangerous and has resulted in criminal convictions. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Sodium dichloroisocyanurate- is a chemical compound widely used as a cleansing agent and disinfectant. It is a colourless, water-soluble solid. The dihydrate is also known as is potassium salt. Also, it is the sodium salt of a chlorinated hydroytriazine. And is used as a source of free available chlorine, in the form of hypochlorous acid for disinfection of water. This product releases toxic fumes or gasses. Severe health hazards may result from exposure. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Sodium hypochlorite– Sodium hypochlorite on skin or eyes causes redness and pain. After prolonged exposure, the skin can become sensitive. Sodium hypochlorite is poisonous for water organisms. It is mutagenic and very toxic when it comes in contact with ammonium salts. Sodium hypochlorite itself may be toxic if ingested, or by dermal or ocular exposure. Ingestion of small volumes of sodium hypochlorite causes burns to the mouth and throat, gastrointestinal irritation, nausea and vomiting. Sodium hypochlorite is known to be corrosive to metals, therefore, it important to wipe down metal surfaces with water or ethanol after treating them with a bleach solution. Skin contact with low levels of this chemical irritates the skin, but strong sodium hypochlorite solutions cause burning pain, redness, swelling and blisters. Eye contact with mild bleach solutions may cause short-term mild irritation, but solutions that are more powerful cause severe eye injuries. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Sodium hypochlorite; Sodium carbonate- well you know how we feel about Sodium hypochlorite, so now let’s talk about sodium carbonate. If improperly handled, or in the event of accidental exposure, sodium carbonate can pose several hazards to your health and safety. Inhalation of this chemical can lead to adverse effects such as respiratory tract irritation, coughing, shortness of breath, and pulmonary edema. Also known as baking soda, and it also is known as soda ash. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Tetra-acetyl ethylenediamine- Tetraacetyl ethylenediamine also known as (TAED). This white solid is commonly used as a bleach activator in laundry detergents and for paper pulp. So, it’s actually a bleaching agent. My wife uses hydrogen peroxide as a bleach in our laundry. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Triethylene glycol; Quaternary ammonium- Triethylene glycol is used as a dehydrating agent for natural gas processing, as a lubricating and finishing of textiles. This is a constituent in brake fluids, lubricants, antifreeze, wallpaper strippers etc. This is environmentally friendly according to all the articles I read. Initial adverse health effects caused by ethylene glycol intoxication include central nervous system depression, intoxication, euphoria, stupor, and respiratory depression. Nausea and vomiting may occur as a result of gastrointestinal irritation. Ethylene glycol is highly toxic to humans and is not used in food products. Summary Propylene glycol is a synthetic, colourless, odourless, tasteless liquid that belongs to the same chemical class as alcohol. Quaternary ammonium compounds, or quats. These workhorses of modern disinfection have been found in consumer products for decades. But in the last 10 years, scientists have linked quats to reproductive and developmental problems in animals and found they can disrupt key cellular processes. One of the advantages of Quaternary ammonium disinfectants is that they do not damage clothing and carpets the way that oxidizing chemistries do. They are also non-corrosive to metal pipes and other surfaces. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Quaternary ammonium- These compounds, also known as quats. These workhorses of modern disinfection have been found in consumer products for decades. But in the last 10 years, scientists have linked quats to reproductive and developmental problems in animals and found they can disrupt key cellular processes. One of the advantages of Quaternary ammonium disinfectants is that they do not damage clothing and carpets the way that oxidizing chemistries do. They are also non-corrosive to metal pipes and other surfaces. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Quaternary ammonium; Citric acid- Even though above when you read about citric acida note from above citric acid are plant-based active ingredients found in some registered disinfectants and sanitizers. The advantages are unlike many other sanitizers and disinfectants. Our opinion is we would not sell and use it, because of the quaternary ammonium.

Quaternary ammonium; Ethanol (Ethyl alcohol)- Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Quaternary ammonium; Isopropanol (Isopropyl alcohol)Isopropyl alcohol is low-quality alcohol, that should not be used on electronics.  99% isopropyl alcohol has the benefit of being non-corrosive to metals or plastics, so it can be used widely, on all surfaces, and won’t leave smears, even on glass or screens. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Quaternary ammonium; Glutaraldehyde- Glutaraldehyde is equally toxic to warm water and cold-water fish, but is slightly more toxic to freshwater fish than saltwater fish. It is sold under the brand name Cidex and Glutaral among others. Our opinion: We will NEVER sell or use it.

Remember, in all fairness, that too much of anything is not good for you. Similarly, too little of any remedy does no good for you, because it is simply not effective. This applies to disinfectants as well. So, the right concentration and method of application are vitally important.  All the information contained in this report was gathered through research of the product names. Our lifestyle and values are changing as more and more chemicals and disinfectants are added to the market and environment.

We have certain opinions and of course; others are also entitled to theirs. Our opinion is very simple; if it breaks down to just water and oxygen, it has to be safe. Hydrogen peroxide is a naturally occurring element, produced in your body. It is in a mother’s breast milk; it’s in the rain, snow, lake and oceans. It helps to heal minor cuts and abrasions. We like that and feel safe recommending it as a superior product to use. We have been using it in water purification for years, and we have seen consistently excellent results.

We hope you find this information useful and informative. Thank you for considering us. Stay safe and stay healthy.

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Zak

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